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summary energy [kWh/d/p] energy [%] energy [TWh] renewables and biofuels


This page shows the energy use for the Netherlands, using 0.53 percent of world energy production for 17.3 million inhabitants in 2019. Energy is typically specified in Million metric Ton of Oil Equivalent [Mtoe] for large quantities. This work prefers to use TeraWatt-hours (TWh) instead, which is obtained by multiplying the a value expressed in Mtoe with a factor 11.63 . To allow an easy comparison between countries, we normalize the TWh value to kiloWatt-hour per day (kWh/d/p) per person. Day to day energy production or consumption can fluctuate from a kWh/d/p value, for example space heating consumes more energy in the winter season.

These values are summarized in table 0.1 . The first two columns show the gross inland energy consumption and gross renewable and biofuel consumptions. We do so since some renewable and biofuel sources are converted to electricity for final energy consumption. The third column shows the total final energy consumption of the Netherlands. The fourth column shows the electricity consumption, which is a part of the final energy consumption.

The main data source for this page are the Eurostat energy balances, edition January 2021. A
population plot of the Netherlands and a list of data source references are available below.

Table 0.1 Energy summary for the Netherlands in 2019.
Gross inland consumptionGross renewable and biofuel consumptionFinal energy consumptionElectricity consumption
75.9 Mtoe5.43 Mtoe44.7 Mtoe9.42 Mtoe
883 TWh63.2 TWh520 TWh110 TWh
140 kWh/d/p10.0 kWh/d/p82.4 kWh/d/p17.4 kWh/d/p
100 % (gross)7.15 % (gross)58.8 % (gross)12.4 % (gross)
170 % (final)12.2 % (final)100 % (final)21.1 % (final)
Gross inland energy consumption in 2019 for the Netherlands
Figure 0.1 the Netherlands yearly gross inland energy consumption, split according to fuel type.
monthly average percentage of solar PV, heating and cooling degree days for Amsterdam in the Netherlands
Figure 0.2 Monthly average percentage of solar photovoltaics, heating and cooling degree days for Amsterdam in the Netherlands.
Energy balance summary, using kWh/d/p to express energy consumption
normalized final energy in kWh/d/p for the Netherlands
Figure 1.1 Yearly final energy consumption in kWh/d/p for the Netherlands.

Table 1.1 Final energy consumption in kWh/d/p for the Netherlands in 2019.
Netherlands 2019 [kWh/d/p]TotalElectricityOil and petroleum productsNatural gasSolid fossil fuelsRenewables and biofuelsNuclear heatNon-renewable wasteHeat
Gross inland consumption140
-2.5%
0.14
-89.3%
55.3
-4.52%
59.1
+3.66%
11.8
-22.8%
10.0
+16.7%
1.68
+11.4%
1.5
-4.93%
0.4
+11.6%
Final energy consumption82.4
-1.99%
17.4
+0.21%
25.8
-3.34%
30.6
-4.04%
0.15
-18.2%
3.67
+12.2%
0.0
0.072
-1.55%
3.92
+5.02%
  + Industry sector  24.6
  -2.52%
  5.66
  -1.13%
  5.56
  -8.68%
  9.27
  -0.55%
  0.15
  -19.2%
  0.33
  -6.87%
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  2.83
  +5.45%
  + Transport sector  20.2
  -0.85%
  0.37
  +10.8%
  18.5
  -2.2%
  0.12
  +0.44%
  0.0
  
  1.14
  +22.2%
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  + Other sectors  37.6
  -2.24%
  11.3
  +0.57%
  1.68
  +3.32%
  21.2
  -5.51%
  0.0076
  +8.33%
  2.2
  +10.9%
  0.0
  
  0.072
  -1.55%
  1.09
  +3.89%
    ++ Services    12.7
    -1.24%
    5.81
    -1.13%
    0.44
    +16.3%
    5.34
    -4.88%
    0.0056
    +7.71%
    0.59
    +10.6%
    0.0
    
    0.072
    -1.55%
    0.41
    +18.5%
    ++ Households    17.2
    -4.07%
    3.7
    +1.07%
    0.067
    -1.02%
    11.9
    -6.2%
    0.0021
    +10.1%
    0.96
    +4.48%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.53
    -3.94%
    ++ Agri/forest    7.32
    +0.27%
    1.81
    +5.36%
    0.77
    -2.09%
    3.95
    -4.23%
    0.0
    
    0.63
    +23.3%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.15
    -0.59%
    ++ Fishing    0.28
    +1.8%
    0.0
    
    0.28
    +1.8%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
Energy balance summary, using percent to express energy consumption.
final energy in percent for the Netherlands
Figure 1.2 Yearly final energy consumption in percent for the Netherlands.

Table 1.2 Final energy consumption in percent for the Netherlands in 2019.
Netherlands 2019 [percent]TotalElectricityOil and petroleum productsNatural gasSolid fossil fuelsRenewables and biofuelsNuclear heatNon-renewable wasteHeat
Gross inland consumption170%
-0.9%
0.16%
-1.35%
67.2%
-1.78%
71.7%
+3.9%
14.4%
-3.87%
12.2%
+1.95%
2.04%
+0.25%
1.82%
=0.0%
0.48%
=0.0%
Final energy consumption100%
=0.0%
21.1%
+0.46%
31.3%
-0.44%
37.1%
-0.79%
0.19%
=0.0%
4.45%
+0.56%
0.0%
=0.0%
0.087%
=0.0%
4.76%
+0.32%
  + Industry sector  29.9%
  -0.16%
  6.87%
  =0.0%
  6.75%
  -0.49%
  11.2%
  +0.16%
  0.18%
  =0.0%
  0.41%
  =0.0%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  3.44%
  +0.24%
  + Transport sector  24.5%
  +0.28%
  0.45%
  =0.0%
  22.5%
  =0.0%
  0.14%
  =0.0%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  1.38%
  +0.27%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  + Other sectors  45.6%
  -0.12%
  13.8%
  +0.35%
  2.04%
  +0.1%
  25.7%
  -0.96%
  0.0092%
  =0.0%
  2.67%
  +0.31%
  0.0%
  =0.0%
  0.087%
  =0.0%
  1.32%
  =0.0%
    ++ Services    15.4%
    +0.12%
    7.06%
    =0.0%
    0.54%
    =0.0%
    6.48%
    -0.2%
    0.0067%
    =0.0%
    0.72%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.087%
    =0.0%
    0.49%
    =0.0%
    ++ Households    20.8%
    -0.45%
    4.5%
    +0.14%
    0.081%
    =0.0%
    14.4%
    -0.65%
    0.0025%
    =0.0%
    1.16%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.65%
    =0.0%
    ++ Agri/forest    8.88%
    +0.2%
    2.2%
    +0.15%
    0.93%
    =0.0%
    4.8%
    -0.11%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.77%
    +0.16%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.18%
    =0.0%
    ++ Fishing    0.34%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.34%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
    0.0%
    =0.0%
Energy balance summary, using TWh to express energy consumption
final energy in TWh for the Netherlands
Figure 1.3 Yearly final energy consumption in TWh for the Netherlands.

Table 1.3 Final energy consumption in TWh for the Netherlands in 2019.
Netherlands 2019 [TWh]TotalElectricityOil and petroleum productsNatural gasSolid fossil fuelsRenewables and biofuelsNuclear heatNon-renewable wasteHeat
Gross inland consumption883
-1.93%
0.86
-89.3%
349
-3.96%
373
+4.27%
74.7
-22.3%
63.2
+17.4%
10.6
+12.1%
9.48
-4.37%
2.51
+12.2%
Final energy consumption520
-1.41%
110
+0.8%
163
-2.77%
193
-3.47%
0.97
-17.7%
23.1
+12.8%
0.0
0.45
-0.97%
24.7
+5.63%
  + Industry sector  155
  -1.94%
  35.7
  -0.55%
  35.1
  -8.14%
  58.5
  =0.0%
  0.92
  -18.8%
  2.11
  -6.32%
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  17.9
  +6.08%
  + Transport sector  127
  -0.27%
  2.36
  +11.5%
  117
  -1.62%
  0.74
  +1.03%
  0.0
  
  7.17
  +22.9%
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  0.0
  
  + Other sectors  237
  -1.67%
  71.5
  +1.17%
  10.6
  +3.93%
  134
  -4.95%
  0.048
  +8.96%
  13.9
  +11.5%
  0.0
  
  0.45
  -0.97%
  6.87
  +4.5%
    ++ Services    80.0
    -0.66%
    36.7
    -0.54%
    2.79
    +17.0%
    33.7
    -4.32%
    0.035
    +8.34%
    3.74
    +11.2%
    0.0
    
    0.45
    -0.97%
    2.57
    +19.2%
    ++ Households    108
    -3.51%
    23.4
    +1.66%
    0.42
    -0.44%
    75.1
    -5.65%
    0.013
    +10.8%
    6.05
    +5.1%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    3.36
    -3.37%
    ++ Agri/forest    46.1
    +0.86%
    11.4
    +5.98%
    4.84
    -1.51%
    24.9
    -3.66%
    0.0
    
    3.98
    +24.0%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.94
    =0.0%
    ++ Fishing    1.79
    +2.4%
    0.0
    
    1.79
    +2.4%
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
    0.0
    
Renewables and biofuel gross inland energy consumption
gross inland consumption of renewables and biofuels for the Netherlands
Figure 1.4 Yearly gross inland consumption of renewables and biofuels for the Netherlands.

Table 1.4 Gross inland consumtion of renewables and biofuels for the Netherlands in 2019.
Netherlands 2019 renewables and biofuels[percent (gross)][percent (final)][kWh/d/p][percent][TWh]
Gross inland consumption100% (gross)170% (final)1401400%883
Renewables and biofuels - gross inland consumption7.15% (gross)12.2% (final)10.0100%63.2
  Hydro (0.068% of electricity)  0.0084% (gross)  0.014% (final)  0.012  0.12%  0.074
  Tide, wave, ocean (0.0% of electricity)  0.0% (gross)  0.0% (final)  0.0  0.0%  0.0
  Wind (10.5% of electricity)  1.3% (gross)  2.21% (final)  1.82  18.2%  11.5
  Solar photovoltaic (4.87% of electricity)  0.6% (gross)  1.03% (final)  0.85  8.44%  5.34
  Solar thermal  0.038% (gross)  0.065% (final)  0.053  0.53%  0.34
  Geothermal  0.18% (gross)  0.3% (final)  0.25  2.45%  1.55
  Primary solid biofuels  2.05% (gross)  3.48% (final)  2.86  28.6%  18.1
  Charcoal  0.0085% (gross)  0.014% (final)  0.012  0.12%  0.075
  Biogases  0.47% (gross)  0.8% (final)  0.66  6.55%  4.14
  Renewable municipal waste  1.21% (gross)  2.06% (final)  1.69  16.9%  10.7
  Pure biogasoline  0.29% (gross)  0.49% (final)  0.41  4.06%  2.57
  Blended biogasoline  -0.025% (gross)  -0.043% (final)  -0.035  -0.35%  -0.22
  Pure biodiesels  0.81% (gross)  1.38% (final)  1.14  11.3%  7.16
  Blended biodiesels  -0.18% (gross)  -0.3% (final)  -0.25  -2.49%  -1.57
  Pure bio jet kerosene  0.0% (gross)  0.0% (final)  0.0  0.0%  0.0
  Blended bio jet kerosene  0.0% (gross)  0.0% (final)  0.0  0.0%  0.0
  Other liquid biofuels  0.053% (gross)  0.089% (final)  0.074  0.74%  0.46
  Ambient heat (heat pumps)  0.34% (gross)  0.58% (final)  0.48  4.78%  3.02
Population trend
Population trend of the Netherlands
Figure 2.1 Population trend for the Netherlands.

Acknowledgement: We would like to express our gratitude to Eurostat, part of the European Commission, for allowing free re-use of energy balances and related data. Website: ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/energy.

Disclaimer: This work provides a summary of the original data, converting ktoe (kilo ton oil equivalent) values to other energy units such as relative percentages, TWh (TeraWatt-hours) and normalized kWh/d/p (kiloWatt-hours per day per person) values. Values are rounded to 3 significant digits. Eurostat is not responsible for data conversion or rounding errors in doing so.

References:

[1]
Eurostat yearly energy balances. This work uses edition 2021 (up to year 2019). The energy data is converted to TWh (terra Watt-hour) and derived units.
[2]
Energy balance guide - new methodology. Explain the use(fulness) of energy balances, as well as how they are constructed.
[3]
EU energy in figures, Statistical pocketbook 2020, ISBN 978-92-76-19443-9. Visualizes energy statistics up to 2018. The glossary in appendix 7 explains energy terminology.
[4]
The number of persons having their usual residence in a country on 1 January of a given year.
[5]
PVGIS 5 post processed data plots for Amsterdam -- Additionally, Renewables.ninja post processed data plots for Netherlands can be found at energy.at-site.be/ninja/EU/Netherlands .

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